From Artemisia Gentileschi to Marie Cassatt , via Berthe Morisot , these painters are major figures of their movement. Today, we invite you to discover 5 other famous artists who followed them.
Camille Claudel (1864-1943)
French sculptor and painter , Camille Claudel is the sister of the poet Paul Claudel . His sculptural works , at the crossroads of realism and impressionism , are akin to the art nouveau movement which is based on the aesthetics of curved lines. If his art is associated with this pictorial movement, it is because the artist perfectly mastered curves and meanders.
Pupil of Auguste Rodin , of which she will also be the mistress for ten years, she participates in the design of certain sculptures of the master, as an assistant, such as the statuary group of the “ Bourgeois of Calais ” or the immense famous sculpture “ The kiss ”. Rodin will say of her that she exerts a certain influence on him and that she is his best adviser.
Granting herself a freedom in her art that shocked from a woman for the time, Camille sees herself placing very few commissions. The way she sculpts her nudes is considered too crude.
Considered today as a major artist of sculpture , Camille Claudel ends her life in great precariousness and imprinted with a madness that will have her interned.
Marie Laurencin (1883-1956)
“ With your long dress, you looked like a watercolor by Marie Laurencin ” sang Joe Dassin in 1975 in his sublime song “ The Indian Summer ”.
French figurative artist, Marie Laurencin is also an engraver and illustrator . Associated with the birth of modern art , a period initiated by Edouard Manet and the Impressionists , Marie Laurencin initiated a creative process of her own, combining Fauvism and Cubism , referred to as nymphism .
A student at the Ecole de Sèvres and the Académie Humbert , she quickly became her own model and perfected herself in self- portraits . Accused and mocked for her style which is described as feminine insipidity , the artist does not however give up and persists in the creation of her personal style, evolving at the beginning of the 20th century towards pastel tones: gray, blue, pink.
In 1930, she took part in the salon des femmes artistes moderne , recognizing at the same time the real difficulty of being a woman in a world originally reserved for men.
Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980)
A liberated artist who does not know the taboo, a free woman who depends only on herself, a modern painter who is not subject to any injunction. This is how one could describe Tamara de Lempicka , an art deco painter of Polish origin.
She drives, flirts in public with men, and above all, represents women in all their sensuality and intimacy in her work . Exiled from Saint Petersburg, where she grew up, because of the October 1917 revolution, she found refuge in Paris. Traumatized by the wars and revolts she experienced during her life and which turned her upside down, she used art as a weapon to repair the outrages she had suffered.
Influenced by Italian futurism and the Polish avant-gardes , she was a pupil of Maurice Denis who inspired her with the idea that art should be decorative .
Openly bisexual , like her contemporary Frida Kahlo , Tamara de Lempicka is a figure of female emancipation , in her art as well as in her personal life. Despite a modest production of work , the painter is considered a great artist of her time.
Frida Kahlo (1907-1954)
How can we talk about the great women who have made the History of Art without mentioning one of the most renowned among them? Frida Kahlo is rightly one of the most famous painters in history.
Committed feminist , artist with a tragic destiny, you can find an article that Museum TV published on this subject by clicking here.
Self-taught in painting , the artist specialized in self- portraits when she found herself bedridden for 3 months following a very serious bus accident. Using a mirror, she paints herself , lying down, with remarkable accuracy.
A realist artist , she is particularly known for her painting “ The Broken Column ”, expressing all the suffering that the Mexican painter endured throughout her life. Between 1925 and 1954, the year of her death, Frida Kahlo produced 143 works , including 55 self -portraits .
Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002)
Here is an artist whom art has saved. Niki de Saint Phalle has suffered a good number of dramas in her life: rape by her father when she was 11 years old, a nervous breakdown leading her to the psychiatric hospital where she receives electroshocks… Her journey has thus pushed to become an artist , expressing through her works all her discomfort and helping her to get out of it:
“I started to paint with the mad people… I discovered there the dark universe of madness and its cure, I learned to translate into painting my feelings, the fears, the violence, the hope and the joy. »
Deeply feminist , the painter of the New Realist group denounces patriarchy with her famous nanas , sculptures representing the female body, celebrating it in all its shapes and curves, filled with bright colors and decorative surfaces . Begun at the end of the 1960s, these sculptures are opposed to the violent series of “ shootings ”, where the artist externalizes the evil that has gnawed at him by shooting paint on immaculate canvases with a rifle.