Dina Boluarte, the first president in the history of Peru

The lawyer and politician of leftist tradition Dina Boluarte became the first president of Peru this Wednesday, when she was sworn in before the plenary session of Congress, after Parliament dismissed Pedro Castillo, accused of carrying out a coup.

Boluarte, 60 years old and of whose personal life not many details are known, was elected as the first vice president of the Republic in the presidential formula of the Marxist party Perú Libre, which last year nominated Pedro Castillo to the head of state of the country, and from which she was expelled due to political differences with its leaders.

The new president was Minister of Development and Social Inclusion from the beginning of the Castillo Government, on July 28, 2021, until the end of November, when the political scenario worsened with the confirmation that Congress was going to subject the former president to a Third motion for dismissal for “permanent moral incapacity.”

During her term as vice president, Boluarte represented Castillo on several trips outside the country, in which he was not authorized to travel by Parliament, the last of which was the summit of the Asia Pacific Cooperation Forum (APEC) in Thailand in November past.Likewise, she defended the role of women in the events in which she participated, such as in the last General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) in which she stated that “there is no sustainable development without the development of women” and highlighted the Peru’s commitment to empowering women through innovative policies, even though stereotypes and political harassment against women leaders persist.

In recent days, several members of the Executive, such as former ministers Alejandro Salas and Félix Chero , reminded Boluarte that she should resign from office as they had previously agreed, in the event that Castillo was dismissed by Parliament, but she remained silent. .

Instead, the vice president decided to leave the ministry when Castillo made his last change in the Cabinet, after the resignation of the jurist Aníbal Torres as prime minister last November and the entry into that position of the legislator and lawyer Betssy Chávez .

After the announcement of the closure of Congress, Boluarte broke his silence to reject Castillo’s decision to “perpetrate the breakdown of the constitutional order” and added that it was “a coup d’état that aggravates the political and institutional crisis that Peruvian society will have to overcome with strict adherence to the law”.

In this way, the lawyer stopped publicly supporting Castillo and with her appointment as head of state she corrected herself from what she had announced last year, when she declared that if the then president was removed she would go with him.Boluarte’s assumption of the Presidency of Peru also occurred 48 hours after the Subcommittee on Constitutional Accusations filed a complaint filed against her for alleged irregularities in her resignation from the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (Reniec), an entity where he worked since 2007.

She was also president of the Apurímac Departmental Club, a position for which she carried out procedures for the transfer of functions that earned her an investigation by Congress, which finally decided that she had not committed a constitutional infraction.

Boluarte, born precisely in the southern Andean region of Apurímac, ran for political office for the first time in the 2018 municipal elections and again tried for a seat in Congress in the 2020 extraordinary elections with Perú Libre, a movement that included her in the Castillo’s presidential ticket a year later.

By becoming the first female president in the history of Peru this Wednesday, she swore “by God, the country and the Constitution” and said that she took office “in accordance with the Political Constitution of Peru, from this moment until July 28, 2026 ″, when the current period of government must be completed.

He added that among his commitments will be to “defend” national sovereignty and that he will “comply and enforce” the Constitution and laws of his country.

And she recounted that she comes from “a small town” in deep Peru, that she is the last daughter of a family that lived in insecurity and that from there she learned work and loyalty under the affection of her parents.